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MySQL is an open source database server. When used in conjunction with PHP scripts, powerful and dynamic server-side applications can be created. MySQL server administration is performed using phpMyAdmin and The Uniform Server’s integrated utilities. This page covers the MySQL UniController menu.

Note: With the appropriate module (plugin), you can run either MySQL or MariaDB server. These are equivalent; UniController text adapts to the plugin installed. This documentation makes no distinction and refers to MySQL. While reading this documentation, interchange MySQL and MariaDB as appropriate.

Change MySQL port

The Change MySQL port menu allows you to specify the MySQL port (standard port: 3306).

Change MySQL port

MySQL > Change MySQL port

  • Current port setting is displayed.
  • Change the port to required value.
  • Click the corresponding Ok button.
  Change MySQL Port

Note: For new port to become effective, you must restart the servers.

General Notes:

The Uniform Server Zero sets the port environment variable MYSQL_TCP_PORT and updates the user configuration file user_configuration.bat. The environment variable MYSQL_TCP_PORT is used by MySQL standard utilities.

Change MySQL root password

Starting UniController provides the first opportunity to change the current root password. It is highly recommended that you set this password at the first opportunity.

Alternatively, you can skip setting a new MySQL root password and run this menu option later using:

MySQL > Change MySQL root password

  • The Set New MySQL Password menu opens (see image on right).
  • Enter a new password (A).
  • Click the OK button (B).
  Set root user MySQL password

Note 1: Clicking the Cancel button, no action is taken. You can set the password later.
Note 2: For detailed information, see MySQL - Change password

Restore default password (root)

Restoring the MySQL root password is fully automated; just click the following sub-menu:

MySQL > Restore default password (root)

You can run Restore default password with or without the MySQL server running. In either situation, the MySQL server is started or re-started with no grant tables and the password restored. After restoration, the MySQL server is stopped.

Note: For detailed information, see MySQL - Restore password

Create / Delete Database

There are three methods for creating or deleting a database: via command prompt, phpMyAdmin or UniController.
For detailed information, see MySQL Create / Delete Database

Create Restricted MySQL User

A restricted user has no root privileges and is constrained to a single database.

There are three methods for creating a restricted user: at a command prompt, with phpMyAdmin or through UniController.
For detailed information, see MySQL Create Restricted User

Edit Restricted MySQL User

The same aspects for creating a restricted user (above) apply to editing restricted users.
For detailed information, see MySQL Edit Restricted User

Database backup

The Uniform Server's database backup allows for manual backup of a selected database.
For detailed information, see MySQL Database Backup / Restore

Database restore

The Uniform Server's database restore allows for manual restore of a selected database.
For detailed information, see MySQL Database Backup / Restore

Edit Config file my.ini

The following sub-menu opens the MySQL configuration file in Notepad, allowing you to directly edit the file:

MySQL > Edit Config file my.ini

Location of the configuration file: UniServerZ\core\mysql\my.ini

MySQL error log

This menu option provides a convenient shortcut, allowing you to view the MySQL server log file. If you are experiencing problems with the server, this should be your first port of call; its content may shed light on a particular issue.

MySQL > MySQL error log

The path to the log file is: UniServerZ\core\mysql\data\mysql.err
Note: Depending on where you extracted UniServer, the path may differ.

A short extract from the file:

(...) [System] [MY-010116] [Server] C:\UniServerZ\core\mysql\bin\mysqld_z.exe (mysqld x.x.x) starting as process 6388
(...) [System] [MY-013576] [InnoDB] InnoDB initialization has started.
(...) [System] [MY-013577] [InnoDB] InnoDB initialization has ended.
(...) [Warning] [MY-010068] [Server] CA certificate ca.pem is self signed.
(...) [System] [MY-013602] [Server] Channel mysql_main configured to support TLS. Encrypted connections are now supported for this channel.
(...) [System] [MY-011323] [Server] X Plugin ready for connections. Bind-address: '::' port: 33060
(...) [System] [MY-010931] [Server] C:\(...)\mysqld_z.exe: ready for connections. Version: 'x.x.x'  socket: ''  port: 3306  MySQL (...)

MySQL configuration notes

UniController MySQL command-line parameter override

Internally, UniController uses a command-line to start the MySQL server with the following format:

 ..\UniServerZ\(...)\mysqld_z.exe --defaults-file=" " --tmpdir=" " --datadir=" " --innodb_data_home_dir=" " --innodb_log_group_home_dir=" "

Parameters with example values

Parameter --defaults-file forces the MySQL server to use a specific configuration file; for example, new_my.ini.

 --defaults-file="..\UniServerZ\core\mysql\new_my.ini "        Full path to MySQL configuration file
 --tmpdir="..\UniServerZ\tmp "                                 Full path to temp folder
 --datadir="..\UniServerZ\core\mysql\data "                    Full path to data folder
 --innodb_data_home_dir="..\UniServerZ\core\mysql\data "       Full path to innodb data home folder
 --innodb_log_group_home_dir="..\UniServerZ\core\mysql\data "  Full path to innodb log group folder

The above paths are dynamic. For portability, these paths are automatically adjusted relative to folder UniServerZ. Generally, users do not need to change the above parameters. Hence, to prevent inadvertent changes and to make portability transparent, the last four parameters were moved from the configuration file (my.ini) to the command-line.

Command-line parameters take priority over those in the configuration file. If you are using a fixed installation and need to change any of the above parameter paths, Uniform Zero XV provides a mechanism through the server configuration file UniServerZ\home\us_config\us_config.ini explained below.

Configuration section [MYSQL]

The configuration file UniServerZ\home\us_config\us_config.ini contains commonly changed parameters.

To override MySQL command-line parameters, edit configuration file us_config.ini.  

  1. Add a new section named [MYSQL].
  2. To this section, add parameters you wish to change.

Parameters are listed on the right.



defaults-file= - MySQL configuration file
tmpdir= - MySQL temp folder
datadir= - MySQL data folder
innodb_data_home_dir= - MySQL innodb data folder
innodb_log_group_home_dir= - MySQL innodb log folder

Parameter values:

Option 1:
All parameter paths are specified in Windows format. For example, defaults-file=C:\my.ini will force the use of my.ini on the C: drive and datadir=D:\xxx will force the use of folder xxx on D: drive for MySQL data folder.

Option 2:
Except for the defaults-file parameter (which must have a value - full path to file), all parameters can be specified with no value. This disables that command-line parameter, allowing you to set that parameter in the configuration file (my.ini).